Buses are used to transport passengers on the highways. Depending on the purpose and design features, manufacturers produce wide varieties of such equipped buses for travelers. Let’s go through a few of the different designs.
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Design Features Of Buses
In most cases, the modern bus for sale is equipped with all-metal frame car bodies; designed to provide the most rational use of the cabin area. The body includes the frame, external decoration, upholstery, doors, windows, floor, and seats. The equipment is distinguished by purpose, design, and size.
According to the purpose, there are the following types of buses:
- City Buses: Their purpose is to be used as a linear urban public passenger transport. These buses have wide doors, aisles, handrails, and low floor levels.
- Intercity & Suburban Buses: They are designed to carry passengers over long distances (between cities) and short distances (within suburban areas). Intercity vehicles have comfortable seats and a large luggage compartment. Suburban models are equipped with places for hand luggage.
- Tourist Buses: These are intercity buses serving for the trip of organized tourist groups along arbitrary value routes. They differ by increased comfort and have a place for a guide equipped with a microphone.
- School Options: Their purpose is the transportation of children. These vehicles have safety equipment (belts, sound and light signals), luggage shelves, low handrails, and low steps.
- Apron Buses: They serve to transport people to aircraft from the terminal and in the opposite direction.
By design, buses can be:
- Articulated Ones: They consist of two or more interconnected passenger sections. A movable section is used for the connection.
- Two-Story Ones: They have 2floors. They may have a separate driver’s cab (early models) and rear entry. In modern vehicles, passengers enter from the front of the cabin, next to the driver’s seat.
- Camper Ones: They are vehicles that look like a bus equipped with living space. They may contain sleeping places, a toilet, a gas stove, a refrigerator, have lighting and heating.
Additional Types Of Buses
Minibusses also belong to the category of buses, where the following types are distinguished:
- Passenger Minibuses: They are maneuverable compact vehicles that are in demand between private carriers, small taxi companies, and enterprises.
- Cargo-Passenger Minibuses: The vehicles are used to transport passengers and cargoes. Structurally, they are a combination of a van and a passenger car.
- Minivans: Small vans, large capacity passenger cars, and passenger cars with increased body space. They have 3 rows of seats.
- Trolleybuses: This is a wheeled vehicle with an electric drive receiving electric current from an external power source. The purpose of such a vehicle is to transport passengers along specified routes.
Criteria For Bus Selection
If you need to buy a bus, it is necessary to determine the vehicle’s purpose and the goal of its use. It is also necessary to consider the size and capacity (number of passenger seats), vehicle category (urban, suburban, intercity, tourist, etc.), environmental friendliness (engine compliance with Euro standards), reliability, and comfort.
When choosing a used bus, attention shall be paid to the type and reliability of the chassis. The following companies are acknowledged leaders in producing these vehicles: Volvo, Scania, Man, Mercedes-Benz, Setra, Iveco, Neoplan, and other brands. When choosing, it is important to consider the body condition (absence of hidden defects). It is also recommended to inquire about the availability of a service for maintaining a particular vehicle brand in your region.